Our muscles are made of thousands of muscle fibers, and these fibers can suffer from various types of injuries that affect runners. Here we look at the main types of running muscle injuries and the main treatment decisions to consider. Running Muscle Injury #1: Muscle Strain A muscle strain occurs when the muscle tissue is stretched or torn whilst running. It is possible that the muscle strain injury could also include the connecting tendon. As with most injuries the severity of muscle strains can vary. Some muscle tears will require rest while others that are more serious tears may require surgery. Elevating and using ice on the muscle strain can also help stop potential swelling after this type of running muscle injury. This injury is also sometimes referred to as a pulled muscle. Running Muscle Injury #2: Contusion Contusions are caused by a direct blow to part of the body. This strike crushes the underlying muscle fibers and connective tissue without breaking the skin resulting in a bruise as blood pools at the impact site. For runners this injury can be caused by a fall out on the road or trail against a hard surface. As with strains, the affected muscle should be allowed to rest, with Ice applied to the contusion, and a bandage should be wrapped around the injury. Running Muscle Injury #3: Cramp A muscle cramp is a fairly common running muscle injury and occurs when a muscle forcibly contracts and will not relax. When your leg muscles cramp up dehydration is often to blame. Cramps can occur in any muscle controlled by voluntary action and they can be very painful - lasting from several seconds to several minutes. The risk of cramp can be reduced by warming up and stretching before exercising and there are also ways to deal with cramp when it occurs by carrying out simple stretches that you can easily learn. About Enertor Advanced Technology Insoles – Enertor insoles are designed to prevent a number of common running injuries and provide more comfort. Designed by leading podiatrists to reduce your risk of injury, the unique design features support your foot throughout training. Enertor insoles are enhanced by D3O impact protection technology, which means they can provide more shock absorption than any other insole. Our expertise, combined with the patented D3O shock absorption technology, enables Enertor to deliver the most advanced injury prevention insoles on the market today. Enertor insoles are available to buy from our online shop. Whilst Enertor has over 18 years Orthotics experience, our blog content is provided for informational purposes only and it is not a substitute for your own doctor’s medical advice. Enertor advises anyone with an injury to seek their own medical advice – and do not make any health or medical related decisions based solely on information found on this site.