The arches refer to the curve in the middle of your foot. Tendons attach at the foot and heel and provide a pull that forms the arch. This provides the natural shock absorption for the body and allows your feet to support your weight.
If the tendons do not provide the correct pull on the bones and other tendons, you will have little or no arch – flat feet. Although many people with fallen arches find they are nothing to worry about, it can be a contributing factor to over pronation and pain around the feet, ankles, lower limbs and the lower back.
High Arches are when the foot arch is higher than it should be. This means the body’s shock absorption function does not perform as it should, causing an imbalance in the distribution of weight. An excessive amount of weight is placed on the heel and at the ball of the foot which in turn can lead to other injuries.